Futurism: An art movement
Considered one of the more controversial self-invented art movements of the 20th century Modernist era, Futurism lasted from 1909 to 1944 and drew its inspiration from modernity, speed and technology. Until the effects of World War I were felt, the movement’s artists, painters, architects and writers glorified war in their artworks.
It was developed by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in 1909 through a manifesto. The paintings painted during this period were often depicting change, innovation and speed and to some extent endorsing war. They would have automobiles, large crowds and trains as the subject and the style consisted of intersecting lines and planes and vivid expressive colors, aspects borrowed from the Cubism and Fauvism movements. These were seen to represent dynamic movement. The movement was largely Italian and Russian.
What are the characteristics of the futurism
The goal of Futurist artist was to capture the dynamic and leave the static aspects of art, culture and society in the past. They sought to do this by portraying various motion phases simultaneously. Due the nature of its subject and ideals, this art movement did not have a distinctive artistic style and artists aligned to it borrowed from other movements, chief among them the Post-Impressionism art movement. However, by 1911, the patients exhibited bore more than the semblance of similar subjects. The paintings were done using intensely colored threadlike brushstroke to result in artwork that was a bold and innovative departure from the usual norm.
Artists who embraced the Futurism movement includes Umberto Boccioni, Gino Severini, Carlo Carra and Giacomo Ballaa. One of the most popular and earliest paintings of the Futurism movement is 1910’s The City Rises by Umberto Boccioni, a painting that depicts the chaos and movement of a war scene with a large horse captured mid-race into the foreground with the workers struggling to control the horse. Modern buildings lie in the background. These subjects show the modernity which was a huge aspect of Futurism. Other artworks include but are not limited to Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash, a 1912 painting by Giacomo Balla, 1913’s The Cyclist by Natalia Goncharova and Sea=Dancer (Mare=Ballerina) which is a 1914 painting by Gino Severini.
Another feature embraced by Futurists was the publishing of manifestos on various topics such as religion, painting, architecture and clothing among others with Marinetti going as far as to campaign in an attempt to ingratiate himself with Mussolini’s government at the time. Although it did influence other movements and was expansive enough to include domains such as sculpture, design, drama and music besides painting, Futurism died out in 1944 after Marinett’s death