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How information travels through the internet

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Information

Has been around for quite some time, way back before the invention of the internet. Therefore, it is important to understand the meaning of information.

Information can be described in simple terms as a stimuli that have to mean to the receiver.

Is used to be conveyed one way or another even before the invention of the internet. Although the means were a bit crude of tiresome, information had to be transmitted. Currently, information is accessible from any point of the thanks to the internet. Anyone with an internet connection can access any information at ease. This has created a question on how information is transmitted through the internet. To put these questions into perspective, were are going to highlight the steps taken categorically for the transmission of information to be plausible and how it is possible to transfer the information in quite a short time. By understanding this process, individuals will be able to appreciate more the process of transfer of information through the internet.

 

Protocols in Networking

The internet is a complicated system; there are two main protocols that the internet uses to allow the transmission of information and their certain procedures that also permits the reception of information. For you to be able to access information on your computer or smart device, there are a lot of things that have to work correctly. The two protocols covering the network used by internet is Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol (TCP/IP protocols).

Information is carried in packets which can simply be described as small parcels being passed from one computer to another, large chunks of data are usually broken down into several smaller packets before being sent through the network. There is a second phase of data transmission which is the delivery process. It uses a mechanism that is used to encode the packet and ensured safe mode of conveyance and provide a way of reconstructing the data when it reaches the destination.

Image by – webpagefx

 

During the process of traveling through a network, the packets through a series of specialized computers known as routers which decide on the best and most efficient path or route for the package to take on the next phase.

The decision of the router changes over time as the knowledge changes.

Therefore, it is very likely to find packets containing the same information using different routes or paths. In the final destination, the packets are re-arranged back to their proper order.

Hosting

The next phase that occurs after the data or information reaches its destination is called hosting. This process involves permanently storing the information into special computers called web servers for distribution via the internet.

The combination of information and computing is called a site.

Through this site, the process of serving is made possible. Serving is the process of delivering information to users. Hosting is in the form of Web Sites.

Inside Google’s Datacenter. Image by Sivaserver

Caching 

The other process vital to the transmission of data is called caching. This is the process that prevents the network from breakdown due to an overload. This process involves automatically storing data or information when requested by a user. The website objectives distinct to individual websites are the ones that are cached. Since the space of the cache is finite, it does not store all the site requested by the user but instead uses a rule of ‘less recently used deleted.’

The copies made by the cache within the user’s computing device is so important to ensure proper functioning of the internet. The management of cached material is done by use of Meta tags which are words hidden at the top of a website page that a reader cannot see but are considered by the search engines. The last process in the process of information transmission is mirroring. This is the process in which separate but identical host site are set up on different servers.

To sum up, with, the process by which information travels through the internet can be said to be of great help to the society today. Thanks to the internet, people now are well informed due to ready information across the entire globe.

However, the data contained on the internet is not always necessarily true so individuals accessing information from the internet should be able to think rationally to be able to sift the true from false information.

Feature image – Derek Mikitik


Giannis Sore

Giannis Sore

Giannis is an IT enginner from Athens.
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