The Lost Utopia Of Atlantis and Plato’s Contribution

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The mystery of Atlantis is probably one of the most famous myths of all time.  Nobody can prove the existence of the continent and its exact location.

However, some scientists claim that the destruction of Minoan civilization on the island of Crete and Ancient Thera’s on the island of Santorini are related to the loss of Atlantis at the same era.

The story behind theories 

The first written references to Atlantis come from the Athenian philosopher Plato (427-347 BC) who tells us that the Atlanteans were people of supernormal abilities and divine origin who lived peacefully on a fertile island beyond the Pillars of Hercules. In ancient times, the Pillars of Hercules was the strait of Gibraltar, so it was probably somewhere between Europe and America. But during the years, newer elements which are opposed to the original theories came to light.

Image by Disney Wikia

According to Plato’s description, Atlantis was a country where competent farmers cultivated fragrant orchards and where wild animals, including a large number of elephants, abounded. Its capital was annular. It was stretched out on a hill and comprised of three water zones and two bands of land. Above the canals was an avenue, which led from the outside town to the temple of Poseidon.

 

The beauty and luxury of the wider area of the city was surpassed only by the royal palace. It was built on a small hill in the center of the city, and it contained the Temple of Poseidon. The complex was built by Atlas, the eldest son of the God and the first king of Atlantis. However the next rulers did not leave the place as they found it.

Everyone added something to the existing buildings, and as a result the palaces were turned into a marvelous place of residence full of splendor, beauty and masterpieces of art. But neither the gold nor the glory was able to save the Atlanteans.

Their growing materialism caused the wrath of the gods and as Plato writes their civilization was condemned to a fast and dramatic end.

 

A glorious city

 The spiritual center of Atlantis was the Temple of Poseidon. Here the governors of the country gathered to draw up their laws. The temple was a stunning demonstration of the Atlantean’s great ability to process metals. It was surrounded by a golden wall and the exterior of the building, according to Plato, was covered with silver, except for the golden ceiling.

As for the interior, the ceiling was made of ivory embellished with gold, silver and brass. A huge golden statue of Poseidon, which depicted him leading six winged horses, dominated the central hall of the temple, while in particular niches there were statues of marine nymphs. The superior king of Atlantis and his nine brothers, princes of nine other provinces, were gathered every five or six years at this imposing altar.

After sacrificing a bull as an offering to the gods, the rulers were gathered around the faded fire and made their meetings. Their decisions were written down on a golden table.

Being governed with wisdom people of Atlantis lived a harmonious life. For many generations, as Plato states, their emotions were full of kindness, integrity and morality.

Atlantis, endowed with wealth, strength and inner harmony, did not take long to stretch out its influence. At the highest peak of its glory (9,200 years before the birth of Plato), this island empire was dominating the area of the Mediterranean Sea. However, at the same time, the divine and virtuous character of its population begins to disappear through the years.

An illustration by Sir Gerald Hargreaves shows a utopian scene on a cove of the mythical land of Atlantis. Many scholars think Plato invented the story of Atlantis as a way to present his philosophical theories. credits nationalgeographic

A disastrous day

As a result, human nature prevailed, and the Atlanteans began to show decadent features. Aspiration, greed and vice, had increased between citizens and their governors.

The unlimited luxury was a basic factor of corruption.

The Atlanteans started to appreciate more the materialistic way of living than the virtuous one. So by being unable to appreciate their prosperous lifestyle, they lost their honor. They were planning to conquer Athens and other Eastern parts that had risen against them.

For this purpose they gathered a huge army to attack. Seeing the moral decay of this race, Zeus the Thunderer called on the gods to decide what punishment they would impose on them. He finally decided to unleash his own anger in a cruel way. Severe earthquakes and cataclysms occurred, and after a terrible day and night the island of Atlantis was totally erased from the earth.

Plato doubted whether there would be any trace of the lost continent. The ocean at that point, he writes, had become impervious to the mud and it was impossible to make investigations. This is how Plato describes the end of the great continent of Atlantis.

According to various testimonies, this continent once was stretched at the position of the Atlantic Ocean thousand years ago. The story of Atlantis is one of the most catchy of all times because it stimulates people’s imagination. Its legend is connected with the memory of an Eden, a spiritual and materialistic paradise that now rests in the depths of the ocean.

 

 

The descendants of the Atlanteans 

Except for Plato, the legend of Atlantis became a matter of investigation for many other researchers during the centuries. In 1864, a French scholar named Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, as he was studying in a library in Madrid, discovered a code that contained the key to a complex alphabet used by the tribe of Maya of Central America.

With the help of this key he tried to translate some manuscripts of Maya people who had been rescued by the destructive fury of the Spanish conquerors.

As Brasseur was studying the Mayan text with patience and effort, deciphering their complex symbols, he discovered the history of an ancient country that had sunk into the ocean after a devastating volcanic eruption. Because he had found a pair of mysterious hieroglyphs that obviously corresponded to the letters M and U of the English alphabet, Brasseur called this continent MU.

Another Frenchman, the archaeologist Augustus le Plongeon who first discovered destroyed Mayan cities, used the alphabet-key and other symbols that were carved on Mayan walls and drew up a sufficiently detailed description of the Brasseur’s continent.

According to le Plongeon’s chronicle, a struggle between two brothers for the Queen’s hand resulted in the death of one brother and the dominance of the other.

As soon as the continent began to sink, the Queen departed to Egypt. Other survivors of the disaster resorted to the area of Yucatan in Mexico where they wrote down their history and built their temples.

This continent, which Brasseur and le Plongeon place in the Gulf of Mexico and the western Caribbean, is very similar to Atlantis.

Atlantis Underwater. Science ABC

Like Plato’s lost continent, it also consists of ten separate kingdoms and was destroyed, according to the Mayan records, about 8,000 years ago. These data are consistent with what we later found in works of various occultists and theologians about Atlantis.

For example, in Helena Petrovna Blavatsky’s works there are several things about the culture of Atlantis and its tribes, including the fact that the Atlanteans who survived the disaster escaped to various parts of the world and established new civilizations.

The Atlantean race was divided into other tribes. One of them lived in the Asian highlands and from there descended to the continent and the islands of Europe by settling colonies there. According to this evidence they spread their culture to the ancient Greeks and the Egyptians and they are the ancestors of the Phoenicians and the tribes of the north.

 

Read also Pompeii – The Legend Beneath the ashes of Vesuvius

Feature Image monatomic

Frixos Tzamtzis

Frixos Tzamtzis

Like a man is a mountainside, greatness waits for those who try none can teach you, it's all inside just climb.
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